RSS Education Ladder
In the Republic of South Sudan, the majority of adults and children have not had the opportunity to attend school due to decades of civil war.
During that time, the development of basic services was non-existent and accessing infrastructure was difficult. As a strategy to achieving its mission, the Ministry of General Education and Instruction constructed a system of formal and Alternative Education Systems (AES).
The formal education ladder is an 8-4-4 system — that is, 8 years of primary education, 4 years of secondary education, and 4 years of higher education.
AES consist of 6 different programmes, including Accelerated Learning Programme (ALP) and Community Girls School (CGS), and offers flexible entry and exit points for children, youth, and adults.
Teacher Training Institutes (TTI), through their in - service and pre-service training, help populate the teaching workforce.
The Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) prepares students with practical and applicable skills that will lead to employment via various programmes that range in length from months to years.
Figure 1: RSS education ladder.
Note: Some university degrees take more than 4 years, including medicine, engineering, and other technical specialisations.
The GoSS set 2022 as the target for achieving Education for All (EFA). To this end, the Ministry is focusing on developing the education sector through 1) teacher education and professional development, 2) the implementation of new funding mechanisms to support schools and girls education, 3) development of AES with a focus on adult literacy and education for hard to reach children, and 5) capacity enhancement of education institutions.
The Ministry’s main aim is to increase access to quality education and to promote equity. In order to facilitate the implementation of education reforms, the Ministry wants to build institutional and human capacity both at state and central levels, and at county, payam, and school levels.
The Ministry is also working on improved partnerships among key stakeholders in education, including civil society actors.
Additionally, the MoGEI is currently embarking on a very ambitious reform process, including the development of a new policy framework, the formulation of a new long-term strategic plan, a restructuring of the Ministry and related state Ministries, and the introduction of new minimum standards for operations. This will be followed by the development of new operational manuals and the introduction of a new performance management system aiming to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of Ministry operations, and ultimately the improvement of the delivery of education services.
While these ambitious goals will take time and resources to be implemented, a number of interim successes have already been achieved, including the setting up of a transfer system to send salaries and operating costs to states and counties, capitation grants to schools and TTIs, as well as the development of a new curriculum.
Similarly, collecting credible and reliable education data through EMIS will help in strengthening existing systems and building new ones.
Secretariat and Centers
National Examination Secretariat is mandated to Conduct Primary, Secondary, Business & Technical and such other examinations within South Sudan, as it may consider desirable in the public interest. It is also mandated to award certificates to successful candidates.
- Secretary for Primary Examinations
- Secretary for Secondary Examinations
- Secretary for Research and Evaluation
- Secretary Printing Press and Publications
- Secretary for Administration and Finance
Goals of Education
The education system in the Republic of South Sudan shall be directed towards meeting the following goals:
- Eradicate illiteracy, improve the employability of young people and adults and promote lifelong learning for all citizens.
- Provide equitable access to learning opportunities for all citizens to redress the past inequalities in education provision.
- Achieve equity and promote gender equality and the advancement of the status of women.
- Contribute to all personal development of each learner and to the moral, social, cultural, political and economic development of the nation.
- Promote national unity and cohesion.
- Enhance the quality of education and encourage a culture of innovation and continuous school improvement and effectiveness.
- Develop and promote a general scientific approach in education.